Peru by Solar Tours | Travel Research Online


Peru by Solar Tours

Peru has an appeal to both the adventure and the luxury markets, a real opportunity for an excellent first experience to Latin America. Join Solar Tours on a voyage to the largest of the Andean Republics. Remember, you can use 60-Second Geography articles in your own newsletters and on your web sites.

60-Second Geography


With Spanish buildings constructed on the ruins of the great Incan civilization, centuries of tales are buried in the cities and jungles of Peru. With inbound tourism on the upswing, Peru is one of the most attractive destinations for North American visitors to South America. Peru offers small Andean highland towns with amazing colonial architecture as well as remote jungle lodges in the Amazon basin, and, of course, the mysterious legacies of pre-Columbian native civilizations.
  • If you are not used to high altitudes, take some time to rest after your arrival to acclimatized to the Andes. Be sure to drink plenty of liquids to stay hydrated.
  • The “lost city” of Machu Piccu was re-discovered by American archaeologists in 1911. Today, some 250,000 people visit each year, many taking the “Inca Trail” – the trekking route to the site. To lessen the environmental impact, only authorized tour companies are allowed to guide hikers.
  • The Incan fortresses of Sacsahuaman and Ollantaytambo are architectural marvels, built of masonry construction without the use of mortar or iron tools.
  • Peru’s coastal plain contains many relics of ancient native cultures, including the Nazca Lines, a series of enormous drawings on the ground, but completely visible only from the air.
  • Peru’s rail system was originally developed for the mining industry to move minerals from the interior to the coastal ports, but now greatly facilitate tourism.
  • Although most travelers journey to Peru for the Andes, Lima is fast becoming a center for cultural study. Likewise, Cuzco is the oldest continuously inhabited city in the Americas.
  • In Cuzco, be sure to visit the Cathedral and the Santa Catalina Convent and the Qoricancha Temple, a prime example of the Incas’ advanced masonry techniques.
  • Market days in the Urubamba Valley are popular opportunities in Pisac to take in the lively artisans’ market there. Local crafts and the hand woven textiles for which the mountain cultures are so famous are available.
  • Don’t give Lima short shrift. If you have some time, explore the city’s art and archaeology. The city’s museums have preserved much of the rich history and culture of the interaction between the native populations and the Spanish Conquistadors. Be sure to see the Museo de la Nación, documenting the history of Peru’s Inca civilizations, and the Rafael Larco Herrera Museum, the world’s largest collection of pre-Columbian art.
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