The Venetians left a lasting legacy following their conquest of Crete in the 13th century. In cities like Rethymnon are remnants of Kingdom of Candia, as Crete was called when it was part of the Republic of Venice. Today, we’re going to see vestiges of Crete’s Venetian past as we tour Rethymnon and a monastery with a tragic story.
The Arkadi tragedy was among the first during the Cretan Revolution between 1866 and 1869. World leaders condemned the Ottomans, and the Arkadi tragedy became a milestone in Greek history. It was viewed as a heroic act that changed the course of the war. The Ottomans ultimately lost their their stronghold on the island.
Today, the Arkadi Monastery is one of the most important monasteries on all of Greece. The church inside the fortified walls still represents a place of peace and refuge, despite the tragedy that occurred here only steps away from this holy place.
Crete appeals to me for many reasons, primary among them is that the island is such a rich destination when it comes to fruits, vegetables, and natural products. I also enjoy the slow and relaxed lifestyle here where people take time to chat over a coffee or a glass of raki.
My last stop was the Rethymnon Fortress. I thought it would be a good idea to walk off some of the calories I’d consumed back at the restaurant. Though the Greek flag flies over the fortress, it was built, like most other things here, by the Venetians – in the 16th century.
Similar to Rethymnon’s old town, the fortress is one of the best preserved fortresses in all of Crete, and I enjoyed exploring the grounds. I learned that were once a lot of residential buildings inside but that many were demolished after World War II as residents moved out.
The Ottomans ruled the fortress from the 17th to the 20th centuries. They converted the cathedral into a mosque. It is worth a step inside to admire its beauty.
An avid traveler and an award-winning journalist, Ralph Grizzle produces articles, video and photos that are inspiring and informative, personal and passionate. A journalism graduate of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Ralph has specialized in travel writing for more than two decades. To read more cruise and port reviews by Ralph Grizzle, visit his website at www.avidcruiser.com.